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Results Chart for Delivery Method and Financing
From Public (Government) Sources to Producers: 12 years into the concession, the "tolls" were converted to a "charge" collected by a substitute operator and passed through to the government. The facility is one of the few PFI or PPP projects in the UK collecting "real" charges from users.
From Private Capital Markets Directly to Producers as Debt: The bridge was originally funded by a private consortium in return for a 20 year operating concession granted by the government.